Matterhorn, Zermatt, Visp, Wallis, 3920, Švicarska

The Matterhorn, a renowned peak in the Alps, stands on the border between Switzerland and Italy. Its summit, at 4,478 meters, makes it one of the highest in the Alps and Europe. Known for its four steep faces and ridges, the Matterhorn is a symbol of the region, overlooking Zermatt in Switzerland and Breuil-Cervinia in Italy.

First climbed in 1865 by Edward Whymper’s team, the ascent tragically ended in the death of four climbers. This event marked a significant moment in alpine climbing history. The Matterhorn, known for its challenging climbs and high fatality rate, is composed of gneisses from the African Plate and is a part of the Dent Blanche nappe.

The Matterhorn’s shape, resulting from cirque erosion, has made it an emblematic figure of the Alps. It attracts many climbers and visitors, who often start their ascent from the Hörnli Hut. The mountain’s name derives from the German words for “meadow” and “peak,” reflecting its prominent and picturesque appearance.